German and Ottoman Army Uniforms

submitted by Work Experience student Harry

German Soldiers in World War I


The German Army adopted the field grey colour for their combat uniforms in 1907. While it was not camouflaged it was still effective as it could blend into the background of battlefields. The Germans wore the pickelhaube (spiked helmet), however this was unsuitable for trench warfare, as it offered little protection and was expensive to produce. In 1916 the Germans replaced the picklehaube with the stahlhelm which was used on the Western Front, and the following year on the Eastern Front.


The standard issue weapon of a German Soldier was the Gewehr 98. It was a German bolt action Mauser rifle, firing cartridges from a 5 round internal clip-loaded magazine. It was a powerful and accurate rifle with long range.


Ottoman Soldiers in World War I


The World War I uniform of an Ottoman Soldier consisted of a cap, jacket and trousers all made of khaki coloured cloth. A soldier’s equipment also included a backpack, a bread bag, a canteen, a belt, a bayonet case, a cartridge case, portable shovel and pickaxe, a portable tent, a small piece of carpet (kilim) and a kettle.


Ottoman soldiers were armed with a range of rifles because of supply limitations, the most common rifle used was the Mauser 1893. They were 122.5 cm long and they had a short staggered-column box magazine holding five 7 x 57 mm rounds, which could be quickly reloaded by pushing a strip of rounds down from the top of the open bolt.

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